Using cookies on web pages has become a part of the internet world’s everyday life. At the same time, using cookies has created an opportunity to seriously intervene in users’ private lives without them knowing.
A cookie is a small-scale text file, which is sent to the user’s web browser by a web server, and which is saved on the hard drive of the user’s computer.
Cookies are qualified as grayware, which is not dangerous, but can still cause inconvenience to the user. This is why cookies are also scanned by virus protection programs in addition to viruses, and offer a chance to decide which cookies to keep and which ones to delete.
Cookies by themselves do not read data from the user’s computer, or send it to the vastness of the internet. Still, the data collected by the cookies may be sold to third parties. Later, the user will receive marketing commercial communications.
PURPOSE OF COOKIES
TYPES OF COOKIES
Essentially, there are two types of cookies:
Temporary cookies, also known as session cookies are deleted by the computer after the web browser is closed. Temporary cookies are used e.g. to remember the language choice on the web page.
Persistent cookies are saved on the user’s computer after the web browser is closed. These are used by web pages e.g. to save the user name and password, so that the user doesn’t have to enter them each time they use the certain web page. Persistent cookies can stay on the user’s computer for days, months or even years.
In the view of ownership, cookies are shared:
The author’s or first-party cookies, which originate from the web page being viewed, and can be both persistent or temporary. Using these cookies, web pages can save the data that will be used the next time you visit the page. From the viewpoint of the processing of personal data, the one who installs the first-party cookies is the Data Controller (or any other assigned employee), who administers the visited web page.
Third party cookies, which originate e.g. from advertisements of other web pages, that are located on the web page visited by the user. From the viewpoint of the processing of personal data, the one who installs the third-party cookies is the Data Controller, who is not the administrator of the visited web page.